What’s the KAPS exam?

what you need to know about KAPS exam?

Harika Bheemavarapu

6/1/20234 min read

best medical coaching centres in AU
best medical coaching centres in AU

Australia offers better professional opportunities to healthcare professionals with handsome pay and a good quality of living! For overseas pharmacists looking to migrate and practice pharmacy in Australia KAPS is a gateway of accessibility via knowledge stream.

The Knowledge Assessment of Pharmaceutical Sciences (KAPS) examination is mainly designed to test the basic knowledge and understanding of pharmaceutical sciences. This exam conducted by the Australian Pharmacy Council (APC) is used to assess the candidate’s ability to demonstrate safe and effective practice in Australia where the candidates are required to apply their knowledge and practical skills.

The candidates are assessed on their ability to identify and prevent medication errors including inappropriate doses, major drug interactions, and adverse drug reactions thus providing better pharmaceutical care to the patients. Our content has been designed to represent the latest understanding of different diseases and their therapeutic management and it exactly reflects the information covered in the KAPS exam.

Don't you get scared by the vast content you need to study for KAPS! We are here to make your life easier! WE WILL CONCISE, CRISP, and make the subject more palatable and yummy for you to enjoy…and you will breeze through your exam on the first attempt...that’s for sure! We won’t compromise in our efforts and remember you shouldn’t compromise in your smart work under our guidance!!

Content outline:

  1. Pharmaceutical Chemistry

  • The basic structure of all the organic compounds

  • Drug nomenclature

  • Functional group reactivity

  • Structure-activity relationship of all the drugs affects various systems including the cardiovascular, and nervous systems, opioids, NSAIDs, anti-histamines, and endocrine system.

  • Stereochemistry includes enantiomers, diastereomers- epimers, geometric isomers, and conformational isomers.

  • Acid-base reactions- include ionization constant, strong and weak acids, and strong and weak bases. Drug salt formation, dissolution of salts. Amphoteric nature of drugs.

  • Oxidation-reduction reactions with various examples, spectroscopy, and assay techniques.

  • Biochemical classes and pathways

  • Drug metabolism- active and inactive metabolites. Metabolic pathways of drugs include phase-I and phase-II reactions with examples.

  1. Pharmacology

     pharmacology of drugs acting on various systems include.

  • Pharmacology of central and peripheral nervous system- includes classification, mechanism of action, drug indications, doses of commonly used drugs, adverse reactions, and drug interactions with various examples and case studies.

  • Pharmacology of cardiovascular and diuretic drugs- includes classification, mechanism of action, drug indications, doses of commonly used drugs, adverse reactions, and drug interactions with various examples and case studies.

  • Pharmacology of endocrine system- includes classification, mechanism of action, drug indications, doses of commonly used drugs, adverse reactions, and drug interactions with various examples and case studies.

  • Pharmacology of antimicrobial agents- includes classification, mechanism of action, drug indications, doses of commonly used drugs, adverse reactions, and drug interactions with various examples and case studies.

  • Pharmacology of chemotherapeutic agents- includes classification, mechanism of action, drug indications, doses of commonly used drugs, adverse reactions, and drug interactions with various examples and case studies.

  • Pharmacology of NSAIDs and steroidal agents- includes classification, mechanism of action, drug indications, doses of commonly used drugs, adverse reactions, and drug interactions with various examples and case studies.

  • Pharmacology of gastrointestinal drugs- includes classification, mechanism of action, drug indications, doses of commonly used drugs, adverse reactions, and drug interactions with various examples and case studies.

  1. Physiology and pathophysiology

  • An overview of the pathophysiology of various disorders including the gastrointestinal system, nervous system, cardiovascular system, renal system, respiratory, and endocrine system.

  1. Pharmaceutics

  • Intermolecular forces of attraction- the difference between non-polar and polar molecules, dipole-dipole interactions.

  • Solvents- Concept of lyophilization, liquid-liquid molecular interaction, hydrogen bonding.

  • Viscosity- the flow of Newtonian and non-Newtonian substances

  • Brief description of polymorphism

  • Introduction to the physicochemical properties of solutions. Concept of ionization electrolytic and non-electrolytic substances.

  • Colligative properties of solutions

  • Concept of pH and acid-base equilibrium

  • Ionization of acids and bases- based on the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation

  • Buffers and buffer capacity of acids and bases

  • The basic outline of solutions, suspensions, emulsions, and their stability studies

  • Drug formulation for various dosage forms- tablets, capsules, parenteral preparations.

  • Extemporaneous preparations.

      Pharmacokinetics

  • Order of reactions – zero order, first order

  • Determining self-life of products, drug half-life, calculations to determine half-life and self-life of products.

  • The volume of distribution, apparent volume of distribution, steady-state concentration, and area under the curve. Calculations based on the volume of distribution, steady-state concentration, and AUC.

      Biopharmaceutics

  • Physicochemical properties of drugs- drug dissolution, partition coefficient,

  • Bioavailability and bioequivalence, modified drug release system, transdermal drug delivery system.

  • Absorption, distribution, and metabolism of drugs.

      Microbiology

  • Preservatives and sterilization techniques

  • Immunoglobulins

      Calculations and posology

  • Calculations based on body weight, dose adjustment, percentage calculations, dilution methods, molarity, isotonicity, and buffering capacity.

  • The dose range of commonly used drugs

5. Pharmacotherapeutics

  • Selecting an appropriate drug therapy for a given patient's condition. This topic covers all the medical conditions related to cardiovascular disorders, respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal, nervous system, and musculoskeletal.

  • It also includes identifying medication errors, adverse drug reactions, and drug-drug interactions in a case scenario-based format.

  • Primary health care (non-prescription products), over-the-counter products, and drug information resources.

Together we are a team!!!! See you soon for a 3-month journey with us to ACE this exam on your very first attempt!!

Note: The above exam-related information has been derived from the latest updates provided on the official Australian Pharmacy Council website. For more information and the latest updates on the KAPS exam kindly visit Australian Pharmacy Council's website